Retired to the electric vehicle power lithium battery where to put it?

Retired to the electric vehicle power lithium battery where to put it?

The European Commission has recently issued a statement that the leaders of the three European automobile battery recycling industry violated the monopoly law, due to the consistent depression of the purchase price and raising the price profit, and “eat” a ticket for 6.8 million euros. Another data from the European Union shows that 99% EU car batteries will be recycled, with approximately 5.

8 million car batteries per year.. Let us pull back from China to China.

The “Energy Saving and New Energy Automobile Industry Development Plan” (2012-2020) “pointed out that by 2020, pure electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid vehicles have more than 5 million units.. my country’s automobile technology research center predicts that before and after 2020, my country’s pure electric (including plug-in) passenger car and hybrid passenger vehicle power lithium battery, accumulated scrap volume will reach 12-17 million tons.

In the face of increasingly pressing electric vehicle dynamic lithium batteries, how to dispose of a gradual scale of retired dynamic lithium battery will be a major topic affecting the development of new energy vehicles.. What is the status quo of dynamic lithium battery recovery and processing? What is the protection of domestic regulations? In this end, the reporter interviewed relevant companies and experts.

. Eat a dried scored life cycle use value my country’s car power lithium battery is mostly lithium ion batteries, although not mercury, cadmium, lead and other heterogeneous heavy metallic elements, but waste lithium ion batteries still cause the environment Great pollution. For example, the electrode material of waste lithium-ion batteries enters the environment, can chemically react with other substances, resulting in heavy metallic contamination, alkali pollution and dust pollution; in an environment of electrolyte, chemical reactions may result in fluorofluid and arsenic pollution.

Related studies have shown that recycling lithium-ion batteries can save 51.3% of natural resources, including reduced 45.3% ore consumption and 57.

2% fossil energy consumption. In addition, there is a valuable material such as nickel, cobalt, manganese in the lithium ion battery, by recovering and reused. “Dynamic lithium battery reuse, also improve the value of battery lifecycle.

The dynamic lithium battery of the new energy vehicle is still 70% -80% of the initial energy, if directly disassembling recovery, is the waste of the remaining use of the battery. Zhang Chengbin, Minister of Research and Consultation, my country Electric Motor, said that the chemical composition inside the battery did not change after the power lithium battery was scrapped, and the energy of these batteries can continue to meet family energy storage, distributed power generation, movement. Power supply, etc.

. What is worth paying attention is that on December 1, 2016, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology announced the “Interim Measures for New Energy Automobile Power Battery Recycling Management (Draft for Comment)”, and made detailed provisions on the management and requirements of the full life cycle of the dynamic lithium battery. The company undertakes the main responsibility of the recycling of power storage batteries; in January 2017, the General Office of the State Council issued the “Producer’s Responsibility Extension System”, advocated green manufacturing, protecting the ecological environment, and made specific requirements for automotive production and power lithium battery recycling.

“If the use of waste dynamic lithium batteries, the economic cost declines, in the field of ladder, the full life cycle of the dynamic lithium battery will be fully utilized. “Zhang Chengbin said that during 2012, the Wanjie Electric Automobile Co., Ltd.

undertakes a complete set of green recycling and re-resource technology, and a test line for the recycling line of waste power storage battery can achieve 20 tons / year. Lithium ion battery harmless recycling. The scientific treatment of the first latter after the use of the dismantling of the recovery policy, the technical escort, whether the recycling treatment of the vehicle power lithium battery can be successfully carried out? In fact,.

In 2016, my country Electric Motors will conduct a report and release report on the recycling of power lithium batteries. As a report, Zhang Chengbin said, my country has basically mastered the corresponding recovery technology, but the recycling process is lower..

On the one hand, the recovery process route for power lithium batteries is still in the exploration stage, and the recovery technology for circulating manufacturing has not yet been carried out; on the other hand, domestic on dynamic lithium battery recovery treatment has generally stayed in the stage of waste treatment, resource recycling Rehabilitation and the study of lithium-ion battery recycling technology have not yet been carried out. “We recovered more than 2,000 tons of lithium-ion batteries last year, and the vehicle power lithium battery accounted for less than 100 tons. At present, through domestic autonomous wet metallurgy combined with environmental protection process, it is important to re-use.

. “Cangzhou Hao Peng Technology Co., Ltd.

General Manager District Hancheng told the Science and Technology Daily reporter, the vehicle power lithium battery market has not entered a large number of scrap-in-one, which can be limited, leading to the company’s difficulty in formation of scale, lack effective Profit model. Power lithium battery recycling and reuse, facing the complexity of retired batteries, lack of detection and dismantling mechanism and standard, have not established a mature recycling system. “Although the national policy explicitly adopts the production of the owner’s responsibility extension system, the electric vehicle production company undertakes an important responsibility for the recycling and utilization of electric vehicles, but is not mandatory and lacks a clear reward and punishment mechanism.

. Zhang Chengbin said, coupled with the low economy of the dynamic lithium battery, the current main body of the power lithium battery at all levels is not optimistic. As one of the subsidiaries of Shenzhen Haopeng International, in 2010, Zhangzhou Haopeng invests more than 100 million to do lithium-ion battery recycling, but it has been in a loss, recently due to the increase in price.

Motivation that prompted them to be recycled because “” itself produces so many batteries, should also fulfill social responsibility “. “The waste battery recycling industry is still developing, and the establishment of a certain social and economic benefit will have a certain social and economic benefit..

“District Hancheng emphasizes that the ladder is not new, such as the battery of the toy car is installed on the remote control; the retired vehicle power lithium battery can be used as a power energy storage product, or used on a low-speed electric vehicle. In the district Hancheng’s view, the current ladder use standard has not been established, the state must formulate relevant policies and have regulatory support. Why is the charging treasure on the plane be strictly limited? “The reason is that the charging treasure industry has just developed, the quality standard construction does not keep up, the small workshop puts the battery of the waste notebook in charging treasure, there is a safety hazard.

The power lithium battery dismantled from the new energy vehicle, if the ladder is not well managed, there will be greater security hazards.. “He suggested that it should take the lead in the national ministries, and promote the establishment of a scientific assessment standard for battery ladders, and launch effective management mechanisms.

. Directional lithium battery ecotry circle “Direct Lithium Battery” “Multiple car places built a platform to do the power lithium battery recycling, then unify the tradder utilization or waste utilization. “In the district, the ideal state is to create a power lithium battery ecotry ring: establish a powerful lithium battery recycling network based on the car factory, 4S shop auxiliary recycling.

In addition, the state must regulate the flow of waste batteries, which is the establishment of the source system, and realize the traceability and supervision of the battery from birth to retirement.. How to meet the dynamic lithium battery retirement tide after three years? Zhang Chengbin said not only to study battery standardization and implement the traceability system, and increase recycling key technology research and development; and encourage business model innovation pilots to promote the promotion value Development mode for copying, implementing the construction of powerful lithium battery recycling system, but to prevent some speculative companies from entering this industry in order to subsidize.

And at the same time, Zhang Chengbin suggested that the state should formulate and implement power lithium battery recovery revenue and punishment measures. For example, the administrative and economic penalties are carried out in accordance with the company’s commitment to the recycling policy, and even hooks with the vehicle notice and battery directory; the battery recycling company and the battery are subsidized according to the number of batteries, capacity, etc., and the tax is guaranteed.

Recovery and reuse the company’s economy; the consumers use deposits and rewards parallel systems, consumers take the initiative to pay for the old battery, return the deposit and add additional compensation …

District Hancheng revealed that the company is ready to join North Stroke new energy Home and battery manufacturers, planned to build a dynamic lithium battery recycling demonstration point in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region in Hebei. Through resource integration, create a public service platform for powerful lithium battery recovery. Many batteries began to enter the battery recycling, BYD, China Aviation Lithium Electric, etc.

. Media revealed that Guoxuan’s high-tech will jointly develop battery recycling and ladder use related technologies and markets. In 2017, the sales scale of Guoxuan high-tech storage market planned about 1 billion yuan, and will build a battery dismantling resource recycling medium test line, day treatment 2000 battery.

Related links fully implemented the “Extension Producer Responsibility” system developed countries through establishing a sound and improved legal mechanism, fully implement the “Extension Producer Responsibility” system, using legal force to regulate the various links, constrained the entire battery life cycle Make it must take responsibility and fulfillment in accordance with the law, and severe punishment for the subjects stipulated by law.. United States: For waste battery legislation involves three levels of federal, state and local, proposing technical specifications for the production, collection, transportation and storage of waste batteries, and adopting producer responsibility extension and deposit system.

EU: Using the manufacturer to bear the forced recycling system of the recovery fee, and put forward the battery user. Since 1990, the European car factory has begun to emphasize the use of recyclable material and zero components in the automobile..

The EU has enforced waste batteries since 2008, and the recovery fee is burden by manufacturer.. Germany: Recycling is more mature, battery production and importers must register in government; distributors should organize the recovery mechanism, with the production company introduce where to recover battery free, ultimately, the user is obliged to hand over the used battery Recyclement.

Japan: I have been walking in the forefront of the world in recycling waste batteries.. Since October 1994, Japanese battery manufacturer establishes a battery recycling system for battery production – sales-recycling-regeneration treatment.

. This is based on the voluntary efforts of each manufacturer, retail merchants, automotive vendors and gas stations are free from consumers to recycle used batteries.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

Scroll to Top